Posts

Iran - US Conflict Gets Out Of Hand - A Law Guide to Sanctions

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Following the further re-installment of sanctions that has been announced by the US administration, Iran decided on 8 May to leave parts of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), commonly referred to as `Iran Nuclear Deal` of 2015, in case the EU would not shield Iran against renewed US sanctions within 60 days. The withdrawal is the last step in a downwards-spiral of renewed confrontation that started 2 years ago, but the roots of which are much older. We shed light on the legal history of the conflict.

European Parliament Cleaning the Transport Sector

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In March and April 2019 the European Parliament seized the legislative initiative to clean the transport sector. In a series of decisions, binding quotas concerning emissions in the transport sector have been resolved. While the parliament decided already in March that exhaust gas limits of passenger vehicles need to be cut by 37.5 % in 2030 compared to 2021 levels, the Parliament now

Important State Aid Decision: European Court of Justice Upheld Germany`s Renewable Energy Law - Case Comment C-405/16 P Germany v Commission

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The Court of Justice today annulled earlier decisions of the European Commission and of the General Court, which ruled that the German Renewable Energy Law (EEG) constitutes state aid. Today´s ruling exonerates Germany from all charges of wrongful practices under EU state aid rules. The case reaches beyond energy law and opens the door towards a new definition of state aid. The ruling allows for more flexibility of Member States when designing energy law frameworks.

New EU Energy Efficiency Labels Are Coming - But Do They Solve The Problem?

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The European Commission yesterday agreed to act upon energy efficiency of household appliances, making good on one of their promises in the `Energy Union`-strategy to boost energy efficiency. As of 1 March 2021 new energy labels will be introduced, in case the European Parliament and the European Council of Ministers do not object. While the decision changes the categories of energy
appliances, it does little in resolving the differences between labeling systems in the US and the EU.

RWE - E.ON Deal Partly Approved By European Commission

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The European Commission has approved the acquisition by RWE of E.ON's renewable and nuclear electricity generation assets under the EU Merger Regulation. The Commission concluded that the transaction would raise no competition concerns in the European Economic Area. Both companies announced plans to re-structure the German electricity market in early 2018, as reported earlier on this blog. The transaction was notified to the Commission on 22 January 2019 and partly approved yesterday. However, this approval only applies to the assets that RWE is purchasing from Eon. The part that of the deal raising more competition law issues is the transfer of assets to Eon. This part of the deal is being assessed separately by the Commission and is still under review.

Nord Stream 2 - France and Germany Reach Compromise on Amendments to EU Gas Directive

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The European Council was scheduled to vote today in favour of planned amendments to the EU Gas Directive, that would effectively target the Nord Stream 2 project. While countries like Germany, but also the Netherlands and Cyprus pledged to vote against the amendments proposed by the Commission, France, in a surprise last-minute U-turn, pledged to vote in favour of the amendments. Last night, however, France and Germany reached a compromise on the issue. We take a look at the legislative history, as well as providing a legal analysis of events and discuss the legal ramifications of today´s important decision.

Germany`s Coal Phase Out 2038

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Last weekend the German government`s commission on `growth, structural transformation and employment`, colloquially referred to as `coal commission`, published its recommendations on Germany`s coal phase out. They recommend to phase out electricity production from coal by 2038 in Germany, a contry that relies for a quarter of its electricity production on coal. The compromise is not legally binding, but the German government pledged to `constructively assess` the findings of the commission and to act accordingly. Questions about the compatibility of this new plan with German climate goals raised.